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Histopathology

Commonly known as anatomic or cellular pathology outside of the UK, histopathology is a well-staffed and supported specialty in the NHS. Nonetheless, the UK still has huge demand for senior pathologists and can offer fantastic career progression, competitive salaries, private work and support with CESR and Specialist Registration. 

What are the requirements for an overseas histopathologist to work in the UK?

The qualification route you take may differ depending on your experience and years working in pathology, however satisfying an english language requirement and attaining full GMC registration are both essential.

  • IELTS or OET or an acceptable emloyers reference (ask your IMG consultant if this applies to you). This requirement applies to all candidates not already registered with the GMC. 
  • FRCPath Histopathology is a desirable qualification for candidates not holding a recognised european qualification.
  • PLAB will also facilitate GMC registration for non-EEA qualified candidates.
  • EEA applicants may be able to register if they have a Relevant European Qualification (REQ).

IMG Resource Library

If you have not already, check out our IMG Library where you can find out more about IELTS or OET, GMC Registration, FRCPath Histopathology. Additionally, this article may help you to understand the journey an anatomical pathologist can take to work in the UK: A Histopathologist's Route to the UK

What should you know about histopathology in the UK? 

The Royal College of Pathologists is the professional body that holds responsibiltiy for the curriculum and training of the specialty in the UK. Attaining Fellowship with the Royal College is seen as a golden ticket for international candidates new to the NHS. Full FRCPath will give access to senior job opportunities, most likely at consultant grade, of which there are many across the UK. 

Candidates who have not completed a formalised training programme in anatomic pathology before arriving to the UK may with to enter NHS Specialtry Training in Histopathology. The UK training programme encompasses surgical pathology, autopsy and cytopathology, and cytopathology can be practised independently as a recognised subspecialty. You can choose to sub-specialise later on by training further in forensics, neuropathology, paediatric and perinatal pathology or cytopathology.

What can you expect from a typical working week in the NHS?

Roles in histopathology differ from many other hospital roles in that they are non-patient facing. Job plans can be demanding yet flexible, as a consultant you can take work home with you and the emergence of digital pathology in the UK is helping to create an ever desirable specialty for many to work in.

You can expect to work 40-hours per week, with a mixture of reporting duties and MDTs. Your multidisciplinary team meetings will see you collaborating with a wide range of specialists from oncology, radiology and other medical specialties.

Did you know? According to Health Trust Europe, seventy percent of all diagnoses in hospitals are supported by a pathologist, and pathology services are essential to the delivery of many of the NHS’s priorities and targets. Such is its importance, it was estimated that one billion tests were run in pathology labs in 2018 alone, at a cost of £2.2 billion.

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£79,957 - £103,806
A Cellular Pathology service in West Wales are looking to appoint histopathology consultants to the their developing and exciting service in one of the most beautiful and low cost areas of the UK. These are excellent opportunities for European Pathology Specialists, newly qualified UK consultants or senior histopathologists with FRCPath looking to work through their CESR process to be appointed substantively. 

WHAT IS THE HEALTH BOARD LIKE?

The Health Board is one of seven acute Health Boards in Wales and covers a quarter of the land mass of Wales. This post comes during a period of Health Board-wide service reviews and a major expansion in undergraduate medical student teaching is planned. The Health Board provides services to a large catchment area and is predominantly rural in nature with areas of outstanding beauty. 

The potential for Health Board-wide, Regional and All Wales developments and a closer liaison with primary care and social services is substantial. They are actively involved in realising a regional service for Cellular Pathology with a business case being submitted to Welsh Government. The service is also engaged with the All Wales Digital Pathology project and Cellular Pathology has also recently implemented the All Wales LIMS Intersystems module. The post therefore allows the interested incumbent to live in an area of outstanding beauty, become established at work and in time with agreement transfer to the new organisation.

WHAT IS THE PATHOLOGY DEPARTMENT & TEAM LIKE?

The consultant team is six strong with an additional three posts being appointed, with the consultants supported by a team of Biomedical Scientists, Lab Technicians and an excellent, supportive and friendly management team.

Strategically the Cellular Pathology service is provided using a hub and spoke model for service delivery with the centre for this appointment being the hub. Consultants in Cellular Pathology, work as a team, which will allow the development of subspecialisation.

Service application for ISO 15189 assessment via UKAS is planned for 2021 and the processing laboratory provides centralised services in both immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. A new Mortuary/Autopsy suite/Relatives’ Services Facility opened in early 2011.

Approximately 10-15% of specimens come from general practitioners. The majority of autopsies are at the request of H M Coroner with on average less than 5 consented autopsies per year across the Health Board. HER2 testing in Breast Cancer is provided together with molecular (FISH) testing from the laboratory in a neighbouring health board. Molecular pathology related to lymphoma diagnosis is provided as part of The All Wales Lymphoma Panel from a neighbouring trust and a comprehensive Molecular testing repertoire is provided by the All Wales Molecular Laboratory based elsewhere. 

WHAT IS LIFE LIKE IN WEST WALES?

The pace of life can be as fast or slow as you choose, with a diverse range of people sharing an envious work-life balance across the region. An excellent choice of schools and very reasonable property prices contribute to a high standard of living. West Wales provides wonderful lifestyle opportunities and opportunities to undertake many activities such as climbing and mountain biking as well as walking, surfing, fishing, sailing and hiking. Property prices are lower than many parts of the UK with excellent State and Independent Schools within the area. There are excellent road and rail connections to London and the larger cities. Wales has a low crime rate and is a safe and friendly place to live and work.

WHAT RESEARCH OPPORTUNITIES ARE AVAILABLE?

Research Opportunities are plentiful and the Health Board has University status with strong links to the local Universities to promote research & development and multi-professional teaching. The Health Board is committed to enhance local research and development and the successful applicant would be strongly encouraged to develop a local research portfolio as part of their core NHS responsibilities (Handbook to the NHS Constitution, January 2009) as it improves patient outcomes.The annual operating R&D Budget has increased by over 750% since 2008 and research operates across all 4 hospital sites with increasing opportunities in Primary Care.

DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES VIA THE CONSULTANT DEVELOPMENT SCHEME:

There is a hugely successful and progressive consultant development scheme at the Health Board, designed designed to meet the needs of newly appointed consultants, and offers a current and future focus by developing you as a leader, and senior consultant within the NHS in line with the NHS Medical Leadership Competency Framework (MCLF).

ARE YOU ELIGIBLE FOR THIS ROLE?

Consultants from all parts of the world are welcome to apply, as long as the following eligibility criteria are met:

UK Applicants:
  • CCT or CESR or within six months of attaining or;
  • Previous locum consultant experience in the NHS or;
  • Significant senior middle grade experience, and CESR process under way
EU Applicants:
  • GMC recognised specialist qualification or FRCPath
  • OET or IELTS
  • Willingness to relocate within six months of appointment
Non-EEA applicants:
  • FRCPath 
  • OET or IELTS
  • Willingness to relocate within six months of appointment
These are excellent opportunities for consultants with FRCPath and looking to complete CESR, or those looking to start their consultant career in the NHS, and develop into senior NHS leaders! 
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£82,096 - £110,683
Experienced cellular pathologist? This beautiful location in midlands of England is looking for histopathologists with experience in anatomic pathology and cytology and with comfortable english levels to report independently.

INTRODUCTION TO THE POST
This is a 10 PA permanent (substantive) post to be based in medium sized district general hospital in the midlands of England. Working in a small, friendly team this is a good job for consultants looking for their first post in the UK in a well located, beautiful part of the UK.

WHAT IS THE HOSPITAL LIKE?
The hospital has approximately 400 bed beds, serving a population of approximately 270,000 across the county and surrounding areas (with a 900,000 catchment for vascular services) of which 24 are maternity, 16 are paediatric, ten are critical care and 28 are day-case beds. The hospital has over 2500 members of staff (making it the largest local employer in the area) and a current turnover of approximately £205m. The hospital enjoys strong community support with over 200 volunteers at the hospital and over £6 million being raised by it's independent Charity over the past 10 years. The support from the charity has enabled the hospital, for example, to build a dedicated cancer centre and has also recently funded a new MRI scanner, operational since early 2018.

WHAT IS THE PATHOLOGY DEPARTMENT & TEAM LIKE?

The department of cellular pathology is split across two sites and currently has seven full time consultants in post. The department would like to bring this up to 9 in total as the department expands its service. There is a team of biomedical scientists and laboratory assistants that support the service and each consultants is provided with secretarial support, office, an ergonomic microscope, and a designated computer with internet access.

The workload for 2019-20 for this particular site was:
  • Histopathology - 18,924 cases
  • Diagnostic cytology -1047 cases
  • Andrology - 654 cases
Other important details regarding the department include:
  • The surgical pathology work from the hospital (biopsies and resections) reflects the clinical speciality mix of the hospital whilst the case mix is typical of a district general hospital.
  • The department provides a histopathology service for the NHS bowel cancer screening, breast screening and cervical screening service.
  • A good repertoire of antibodies is available for immunohistochemistry at both sites, with less commonly used antibodies referred out to specialist centres for staining.
  • There is a histology laboratory and “cut up” room. The laboratory contains standard equipment, which includes three tissue processors (a VIP and two Leica processors), two Embedding Centres (a Sakura and a Leica) and two Leica integrated auto-stainers and cover-slippers. The Roche Ventana Ultra staining platform is used for immunocytochemical stains
  • The department has a multi-headed microscope which enables the Consultants to meet and discuss cases
  • The Cytology laboratory includes a dedicated preparation room for the preparation of non-gynaecological specimens and contains one Cytospin, one centrifuge.
  • The pathology laboratory is fully computerised with the CliniSys WinPath Enterprise system. The laboratory based system links directly with hospital and ward based systems, with both ICE requesting and reporting.
  • The Hospital has many clinical links with the tertiary centre of Addenbrooke’s and Papworth Hospitals. It is part of the Anglia Cancer Network and the department participates in specialist MDTs within the Network. The perinatal and paediatric autopsy service is provided by Consultant Paediatric Pathologists at Addenbrooke’s Hospital.
  • The Mortuary is also the Public Mortuary for the county. Coroner’s post-mortems are not part of the NHS contract and are performed at the behest of the Coroner.
  • The Cellular Pathology Department has full accreditation against ISO15189.
  • The Laboratory participates in NEQAS for:
    • General Histopathology (staining)
    • Immunocytochemistry
    • Andrology (sperm motility and morphology)

WHAT IS LIFE LIKE IN THE REGION?
The local town is a thriving market town, which provides easy access to London (55 miles), the East Midlands, the North of England and beyond through its rail links and M1 / A1 / A14 accessibility. First Capital Connect runs trains directly to London Luton and London Gatwick airport. Trains run to London St. Pancras, the international terminal for Eurostar.

The Hospital currently provides services for a population of around 270,000, of which 119,600 live in the main county town of. The area is primarily agricultural, with numerous pleasant villages within easy commuting distance of the hospital. In recent years most of the expansion in population has been in the M1 / A1 corridor and significant further growth is planned in the surrounding areas. It is anticipated that by 2021 there will be a further 50-55,000 people living in the town area.

There is a varied selection of accommodation for rent or purchase, both in rural and urban surroundings. Education is a prominent feature in the Town. The local schools provide first-class independent education for some 4,000 girls and boys supported by preparatory schools and other independent schools that cater for all ranges of ability. There is also a wide selection of state schools available. The Local University has a campus in the town; and the College also offers a comprehensive range of courses in Applied Sciences, Health, Education, Business and The Arts, leading to qualifications such as HNDs, CertEd., PGCE and foundation degrees. Cranfield University is located in the local area. The hospital is situated within walking distance of the town centre.

Several local villages to the north are situated on the large river which is a very attractive feature of the area. There are two good parks within walking distance of the town centre. Russell Park, with its children’s play area and formal gardens, takes its name from the Dukes. The main Park, laid out by the Victorians, has a circular carriage ride, pavilions, lodges and bandstand. The Country Park is within walking distance, offering water sports, nature trails, a visitor centre and marina. The river is an important feature and provides a focus for a very strong rowing community and River Festival held every two years, a large free outdoor event.

The area is well provided for sport, leisure and cultural activities including an International Athletic Stadium, five golf courses, three rowing clubs, a Rugby Club, a Town Football Club and several swimming pools. The world-famous local Orchestra has a residency nearby where it performs eight concerts each year, as well as involvement in educational activity in schools and the local community. John Bunyan was born in 1628 in Elstow, just south of the town. 

ELIGIBILITY FOR THIS POST:

To be eligible for this role you must have:
  • FRCPath or equivalent
  • Specialist Registration or within six-months CCT or CESR
  • Eligibility for GMC registration
  • Experience having worked at consultant experience if no UK experience
If you are unsure about your eligibility for this role, do not hesitate to contact us for an informal conversation. 
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£84,984 - £112,925

IMG Connect are looking for an experienced histopathologist, with or without UK experience, to join a friendly pathology department in Scotland. Given the set-up, support and training available this is a fantastic opportunity for any consultants looking to start their careers in the NHS.

Job requirements:

  • FRCPath or Specialist Registration in Histopathology
  • GMC registration eligibility
  • Experience practicing as a consultant histopathologist

Length of contract:
12-month fixed term (subject to be renewed) or permanent (substantive)

Benefits:

  • Attractive salary and relocation package
  • Training and development opportunities
  • CESR support for those eligible
  • Tier 2 Health and Care Visa (sponsorship for the whole family)
  • Guidance regarding the CV and full interview preparation
  • Assistance regarding the GMC registration, visa, accommodation and transportation by an experienced onboarding specialist
  • Complete IMG Relocation service from start to finish of process
Grade:
Consultant or locum consultant

Specialty & Special Interests:
General Histopathology

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£82,096 to £110,683
This Teaching NHS Foundation Trust is looking to recruit two enthusiastic Histopathology Consultants to join their Laboratory Medicine Directorate based in this beautiful English historic city. These posts can be offered on a substantive (permanent) or fixed-term appointment with permanent candidates being preferred for the role. The post combines Histopathology and Cytology (Non-Gynae). The post is offered as up to 10 programmed activities (PAs) with the option of 2 additional PAs. The department rota is divided equally on a daily rolling rota.
We welcome discussion with applicants regarding flexible/less than full time working, and home working, with the job plan to be mutually agreed prior to commencement.

WHAT IS THE HOSPITAL & TRUST LIKE?

The trust comprises two main acute hospitals with this role based at the larger, and better performing centre with affiliations to the local University. This post will not involve cross-site cover. The hospitals management and culture are renowned for being friendly, welcoming and supportive of ambition and career development.

WHAT IS THE HISTOPATHOLOGY DEPARTMENT & TEAM LIKE? 

You will be joining a supportive Histopathology team of six Consultants and two Associate Specialists. To support the service delivery the work of the department is divided on a daily rolling rota. The department is not currently subspecialised, however this may change, and the department are open to discuss circumstances where candidates may be interested in reporting two or three areas. The trust has an ambitious programme of service modernisation and a reputation for providing high quality services. The department has recently consolidated its services onto the main site and now undertakes around 34,000 requests per annum of general histopathology from both sites.


The department are planning to undertake an extensive laboratory refurbishment over the next few years and they are also taking part in the North England Pathology Imaging Collaborative, one of the largest digital imaging projects in the world. Currently they do not routinely report digitally though it is something being worked on for the future. The laboratory is also in the process of implementing a new laboratory information system and a new immunohistochemistry system and end-to-end specimen tracking system.

WHAT OPPORTUNITIES ARE AVAILABLE TO YOU? 

You will have the opportunity to join and shape the service at this exciting time. As part of the pathology network programme of NHS improvement, they are in the process of forming a combined organisation in order to better use our combined capitol and expertise.

To support your on-going professional development you will receive an excellent Study leave package from the hospital whilst the Trust also has an active Research Department to support research interests. The department has close links with the local Medical School offering interested candidates opportunities for undergraduate teaching or the development of management roles within the medical school.

CESR support will be made available for candidates with excellent experience and FRCPath - whilst candidates new to the NHS but with specialist registration will be accommodated and supported through their early stages in the new healthcare system and workplace to ensure you settle in well to your new surroundings. 

The department is not currently subspecialised, however this may change, and the department are open to discuss circumstances where candidates may be interested in reporting two or three areas.

WHAT IS THE LOCAL REGION AND CITY LIKE?

The hospital is located just minutes away from the city centre which is home to various restaurants, bars, shops and theatres perfect for all ages. There are many bus routes accessible throughout the city and the train station is only a ten minute drive from the hospital with regular services to surrounding areas such as Leeds and the ability to travel to London in under 2 hours.

The city is a quintessentially British part of the UK with beautiful architecture, a small city feel with a friendly and welcoming local population. In addition, the area is diverse and multicultural with an established culture of international doctors relocating to the area to support the local NHS services. 
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£82,096 - £110,683
Experience Pathology Consultants from all corners of the world are welcome to apply for these consultant roles in one of the largest Foundation Trusts in the South East of England. The trust are recruiting experienced consultants, regardless of whether they are on the specialist register or not. Experience from healthcare systems with similar methods and reporting techniques will be considered for these roles and any not on the specialist register will be supported for CESR if that is their desire.

WHAT IS THE TRUST & HOSPITAL LIKE?

The trust provides both acute hospital and community health care and has nearly 10,000 staff and an annual budget in 2019/20 of over £715 million. The trust has two large general hospitals in the East of England, 
typically well performing hospitals scoring highly in their CQC reports.

WHAT IS THE PATHOLOGY DEPARTMENT & TEAM LIKE?

Their aim is to incorporate the latest technologies and innovations to ensure the service is prepared for current and future challenges of the modern NHS, and the Trust is working towards a collaboration with a large teaching hospital and tertiary centre in China. This will bring exciting opportunities to the Histopathology department with regards research and teaching. There will be programmes of fellowship including histopathology, collaborated research projects are already started and in progress.
  • The post holder appointed will take a proportionate share in the provision of the service in surgical pathology, and cytopathology.
  • Surgical cut-up is performed by Consultant Pathologists, Specialty Registrars and Biomedical Scientists.
  • Two biomedical scientists have completed the Diploma of Expert Practice in Histological dissection (cut-up) and one is currently in training.
  • Small biopsies are handled by the technical staff.
  • The Consultant Pathologists report all FNA and non-cervical cytology specimens.
  • There is no provision of FNA for one stop clinics and histopathologists are not involved in taking FNA samples.
  • There is currently no true sub-specialisation in the reporting of surgical histology or diagnostic cytology, although there is a lead pathologist for each of the cancer sites who acts as a contact point within the Department and participates in multidisciplinary meetings.
  • There is no on-call commitment.
  • The post holder may choose to undertaken coronial post mortem examinations through direct agreement with the local coroners services. This is via agreement directly with the coroner, coverage of post mortem activity if offset by time shifting of contracted NHS time to take account of the time spent undertaking the coronial post mortems.
There are six current consultant pathologists and capacity to appoint two more - including this vacancy - and the Histopathology and Blood Science services are fully accredited by UKAS. The service participates in both interpretative and technical EQA schemes relevant to the service and the hospital is an HTA approved institution.

WHAT IS LIFE LIKE IN THE REGION?

The hospital is located in a beautiful part of the UK and you’ll enjoy an enviable quality of life in this historic town. The area benefits from a wealth of affordable housing in one of the most attractive parts of Britain, yet is close to one of London's major airports and all the facilities of London. Your new home will also be great news if you’re bringing up a family, as this part of the UK is home to some excellent schools and great leisure facilities.

A relocation document can be provided along with job descriptions to those interested in finding out more.

ELIGIBILITY FOR THIS ROLE

To be considered for this role you must meet the following requirements:
  • Specialist Registration in Histopathology or
  • FRCPath and extensive consultant experience or
  • GMC registration with reporting experience in a similar healthcare system
Experience from similar healthcare systems with similar reporting methods will be considered for these roles. Any consultant pathologists not on the specialist register for histopathology will be supported for CESR if that is their desire.
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£82,096 - £110,683

We are looking for an experienced Consultant Histopathologists for a large University Hospital in South East England.

Job requirements:

  • Specialist Registration via CCT, CESR or equivalent
  • Extensive experience in histopathology
  • Interest in general histopathology and breast 

Length of contract:

Substantive or Permanent Contract only. Experienced consultants who can apply for CESR within 6 months can be considered.

Benefits:

  • Attractive salary and relocation package
  • Training and development opportunities in leadership and consultant mentor programmes.
  • Tier 2 Health and Care Visa (sponsorship for the whole family)
  • IMG Connect guidance and consultation regarding your CV and interview preparation
  • Assistance regarding the GMC registration, visa, accommodation and transportation by an experienced onboarding specialist
  • Complete IMG Relocation service from start to finish of process
Grade:
Consultant 

Specialty & Special Interests:
General Histopathology

News

FRCPath vs PLAB - GMC registration for overseas pathologists

FRCPath vs PLAB - GMC registration for overseas pathologists

  • January 11, 2022

GMC Registration is a complex process. For histopathologists who’ve qualified outside the EEA region there are two main pathways to consider – FRCPath or PLAB. Here we will give a summary of both and briefly consider their benefits.  PLAB for GMC Registration FRCPath for GMC Registration Which is better for me as an overseas pathologist, PLAB or FRCPath? #IMG Tips How do I get started? Professional & Linguistics Assessment Board (PLAB)  The first and most popular route with most junior doctors is PLAB.  PLAB is a two-part exam (one written one practical), and which assesses whether you are at least as capable as a doctor starting the second year of their Foundation Programme Training and can therefore work safely as an SHO in the NHS.  The GMC have created a video summary of the PLAB exams which you can watch here, or for a more detailed overview, see our IMG Resources library.  FRCPath - UK Postgraduate Qualification  The UK postgraduate qualification for histopathology – FRCPath Histopathology - is the most popular and recommended route for overseas doctors who have completed a training or residency programme, and will be looking for senior pathology positions in the NHS.   By completing both parts of the FRCPath you are awarded Fellowship of the Royal College of Pathologists. The Royal College of Pathologists is the professional body that regulates the pathology specialties in the UK. Take a look at our IMG Resources library for complete guides on FRCPath for histopathology to learn more.  PLAB vs FRCPath  Both are legitimate routes and will allow you to register with the GMC and work in the UK. To decide which route is best for you, you’ll need to consider the benefits of each and how they align with your priorities and needs in moving to the UK.    Seniority of Positions in the NHS  Histopathology is a consultant led specialty in the UK, and it would be difficult for an overseas pathologist to obtain a more senior post without FRCPath, or extensive experience from a similar, English speaking healthcare system. PLAB alone will not give overseas doctors access to senior posts in the NHS.   Time   PLAB has two stages and can take anywhere between 3-9 months to prepare from start to finish.  FRCPath has two stages and can take anywhere between 18-30 months to prepare from start to finish.   Cost   FRCPath costs just under £1,930 and whilst the Part 2 exam is an in-person exam, the Part 1 exam can be taken online. You can read about the changes to the FRCPath 1 delivery here.  PLAB costs £1,119, and both exams are sat in person. PLAB 1 can be taken in the UK or several overseas centres, which you can find here. PLAB 2 must be taken in the UK.   For both FRCPath Part 2 and PLAB 2, candidates will have to travel to the UK, meaning that the additional cost of visas, accommodation and flights must be factored in.   It’s important to note that these costs can rise if re-sits of the exams are necessary.    Summary  PLAB, as an exam which assesses a doctor’s ability to work safely in the UK, does not demonstrate ability in histopathology specifically. For this reason, PLAB tends to be a route for junior doctors who have not already chosen their field of specialisation in medicine.  Additionally, PLAB can facilitate GMC registration much faster than other routes – so if you feel you can attain an offer of employment in the UK with your overseas experience only – but GMC registration is the one thing standing in your way – PLAB may be a good option for you.   FRCPath involves two more difficult examinations and takes more time to prepare for. Attaining FRCPath in Histopathology will allow you to jumpstart your career in the UK, you’ll most likely be able to take a consultant role. You would not need PLAB or Core Training in addition to FRCPath.   Additionally, histopathology in the UK is also a consultant-led specialism, and FRCPath demonstrates competency to practice unsupervised as a consultant.   #IMG Tips  Determine your priorities – your goals and timeline for relocating to the UK are important in deciding which route is best for, and this is different for everyone.  Plan well ahead – depending on the route you choose, you may be embarking on a long journey through these exams, so plan how you will fit them into your life and how best to prepare to maintain a good work-life balance at the same time.  Find a support network – once you know which exams you will sit, find a support network of others who are also preparing for the exam. A great way to do this is to join IMG Histopathologists, an online pathology community of UK and NHS histopathology aspirants and dedicated histopathology recruiters. You’ll find advice, guidance and news and updates about all things histopathology for IMGs. Join the conversation here.  For regular news and updates, follow IMG Connect on social media using the links below:              Getting started  Once you’ve decided which exams are best for you, it’s time to delve deeper into the exams and what they entail. For more useful blogs and articles on PLAB or FRCPath exams, registrations and qualifications to help you find your dream job in the NHS - take a look at our IMG Resources library.   Or if you have any questions on PLAB or Postgraduate qualifications, feel free to get in touch with our histopathology consultants here.

FRCPath Part 1 - preparation, revision and resources 

FRCPath Part 1 - preparation, revision and resources 

  • December 10, 2021

The first exam in the FRCPath Histopathology series...  Overseas histopathologists may have questions about the best ways to prepare for the FRCPath Part 1 exam. With so many resources available online, but many of them geared towards UK trainees, it can be difficult to know what is best suited to you as an international candidate.  In this blog we have compiled some of the best resources and guidance for FRCPath Part 1 aspirants. We will also quickly cover some of the recent changes to the exam regarding its delivery and availability in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.  Here we’ll take a closer look into these and other important questions through the following topics:  What is FRCPath Part 1? How do I get started with my preparation? What resources are available online? How has COVID-19 affected the exam? #IMG Tips I’ve passed FRCPath Part 1, what’s next? Skip ahead to the relevant section if you know what you’re looking for.  FRCPath Part 1  FRCPath Histopathology Part 1 is the first exam in the two-part examination series, administered by the Royal College of Pathologists. The content of the exam can be broken down into three sections:  The three-hour exam is designed to assess candidates’ overall knowledge and understanding of histopathology or cytopathology, including the full range of autopsy practices undertaken in a district general hospital in the UK and the basic science underpinning pathology, including molecular biology.  For an in-depth guide to the FRCPath Part 1 exam, or for a breakdown of the full FRCPath Histopathology exam suite, visit our IMG resources library.  Please note that only full FRCPath satisfies the GMC’s postgraduate requirements for overseas doctors.  How to get started with preparation for FRCPath Part 1  The best way for IMGs to begin their exam preparation is with the Royal College website and resources. The FRCPath Histopathology exams are based on the Curriculum for Specialty Training in Histopathology and as a rule, this should always be the starting point for your revision. This will ensure you are focusing on the exam material that will feature in your exam – knowing the curriculum is key! You can find this on the Royal College website here.  Royal College resources include:  Regulations and guidelines – before applying for FRCPath exams, the College recommends you read both the general and specialty-specific regulations and guidelines, found below:  General Regulations and Guidelines  Histopathology Regulations and Guidelines FAQs - There is also a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) document which the Royal College has compiled to help applicants who have questions about online examinations. You can read this here.  Other helpful resources include:  Oxbridge Medica - FRCPath Part 1 Revision Course  This is a 4-day, exam-oriented online revision course. The course includes live streamed lectures across four days and covers all the major topics of the examination syllabus. The speakers have knowledge of the Royal College exam - some of them are examiners, and all are experienced teachers. The course can be found here.  Duration  4 days  Cost  £300 (£75 deposit)  Next start date  8th February 2022    Pathology Online Hub - FRCPath Part 1 Orientation Course This is a preparatory course aimed at overseas candidates. The course includes an introduction to the exam, including a mock exam with a detailed discussion of answers and exam tips. The course can be found here.  Duration  1 day  Cost  £40   Next start date  19th December 2021    Pathology Online Hub - FRCPath Part 1 Comprehensive Course This is a preparatory course aimed at non-UK candidates. including particularly basic and extended questions on the UK system. The course covers topics which are unique to the UK system and includes a one-hour practice mock similar to the exam format and a detailed discussion of the answers with feedback. The course can be found here.  Duration  1 day  Cost  £45   Next start date  23rd January 2022    Reading materials  There is no set reading list or official course for FRCPath Part 1 in Histopathology, however the following books come highly recommended by IMGs who have passed the Part 1 exam:  Practical Applications in Histopathology, Cytopathology & Autopsy – Dr Limci Gupta (£78)  FRCPath, Part 1: Examination Preparation Guide – S. Steele (£22.18)  Sternberg's Diagnostic Surgical Pathology Review - Pier Luigi Di Patre, Darryl Carter (£91.95)  Wheater’s Functional Histology – Barbara Young, Phil Woodford, Geraldine O’Dowd (£44.95)  Robbins and Cotran Atlas of Pathology - Edward Klatt (+/- £45)  (Designed to complement Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease, 8th Edition and Robbins Basic Pathology, 8th Edition)  How have the exams been affected by COVID-19?  In response to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Royal College of Pathologists has migrated the FRCPath Part 1 exam online.  Candidates all over the world are now able to take the exam from their home countries. This development allows the College to continue to offer the FRCPath Part 1 exam to both UK trainees and overseas pathologists, with minimal disruptions to the exam schedule.  For full details about the online FRCPath Part 1 exam, please see our blog here.  #IMG Tips  Prepare early – getting your revision going as soon as possible will help you avoid those last-minute cramming sessions and increase your chances of passing first time.  Speak to your colleagues and peers – there are so many study materials to choose from - who better to ask for recommendations than histopathologists who have been through the process or are going through it with you?  Familiarise yourself with the curriculum – we cannot stress this enough! Every country’s qualification and practice differ, so being well-versed in the curriculum is the first step on your path to success in the exam. Prepare for the online format in advance – make sure to fully complete your IT checks well in advance to avoid tech issues on the day (and save yourself an unnecessary headache). Find a support network – a great way to do this is to join IMG Histopathologists, an online pathology community of UK and NHS histopathology aspirants and dedicated histopathology recruiters. You’ll find advice, guidance and updates about all things histopathology for IMGs. Join the conversation here.  For regular news and updates, follow IMG Connect on social media using the links below:              I’ve passed the FRCPath Part 1 exam, what’s next?  Great stuff! This is a massive achievement, and you deserve to treat yourself after all your hard work. With a pass in hand, it's time to look ahead to FRCPath Part 2. For more information on the final exam in the examination series, take a look at our blog where we explore the FRCPath Part 2, including how to sit the final exam, fees and preparation and results.   Head to our IMG library for more useful articles on the FRCPath exams, GMC registration and qualifications you need to help you find your dream job in the NHS.  Don’t forget to share your progress and successes with us using the hashtag #imgstories on social media, we love to hear from you. 

FRCPath Part 1 Online - changes to the exam delivery

FRCPath Part 1 Online - changes to the exam delivery

  • December 10, 2021

FRCPath Part 1 Online   In response to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Royal College of Pathologists has decided to migrate all part 1 FRCPath exams online. This includes FRCPath 1 in Histopathology, Haematology, Microbiology.  This means FRCPath Part 1 may be taken from the comfort of your own home. This development allows the College to continue to offer the FRCPath Part 1 exam to both UK trainees and overseas pathologists.   Please note that the delivery of FRCPath Part 2 remains offline, with examinations being conducted in person, but socially distanced.  FRCPath Part 1 Delivery  The format of the Part 1 exam is unchanged – 125 SBA (or multiple choice) and EMQs (extended matching questions) which aim to assess the candidate's overall knowledge and understanding of histo/ cytopathology, basic science underpinning pathology (including microbiology) and full understanding of autopsy practices undertaken in an NHS District General Hospital.  Previously, FRCPath Part 1 was available in multiple overseas centres, and it is anticipated that the College will return to this set-up once COVID-19 has been better managed globally.  The online exam will be held delivered through a company called TestReach. The College delivered the first sitting on this online format in Autumn 2020.  Candidates will have the opportunity to trial the examination software before the exam to familiarise themselves with it ahead of time. The TestReach system is full-proctored, and candidates will need to complete both an IT systems cand environment check before the exam. These checks will ensure that candidates devices are suitable for the exam and that they are in an environment which satisfy exam conditions I.e. where they do not have access to textbooks or other revision materials.  For more information on the online examination see the College website here, or read their FAQs here.  How to apply  The application window for the Spring 2022 sitting of the FRCPath Part 1 exam will open at the end of November/ early December and close in mid-January. Whilst the examination date has yet to be finalised – candidates are advised to apply early and may withdraw their place for a refund if the examination date is unsuitable.  The cost of the exam is £673. For up-to-date information on exam and application dates, keep an eye on the College website here.  For more information on FRCPath in Histopathology, take a look at our collection of articles and blogs here, where we explore the full examination suite, including a detailed look at the structure and format, fees and preparation and resources.   If you are looking for general information that any overseas doctors might need to know - then check out our IMG Resources library.  We hope this is helpful for any overseas doctors preparing to sit their FRCPath Part 1 exam and the team here at IMG Connect wish you the best of luck!  Don’t forget to share your progress and successes with us using the hashtag #imgstories on social media, we love to hear from you.  Join the online histopathology community – connect with like-minded histopathologists and dedicated pathology recruiters in the IMG Histopathologists Facebook group.  For regular news and updates on the Royal College and all things histopathology, follow IMG Connect on social media using the links below:             

FRCPath Part 1 – an in-depth guide for overseas histopathologists 

FRCPath Part 1 – an in-depth guide for overseas histopathologists 

  • November 18, 2021

The first exam in the FRCPath Histopathology series...  International histopathologists (or cellular or anatomical pathologists as commonly known) looking to secure a job in the NHS via the postgraduate qualification route will need to attain Fellowship of the Royal College of Pathologists. This can also be commonly referred to as FRCPath Histopathology.  The completion of Part 1 and Part 2 of the Royal College of Pathology qualification for Histopathology results in eligibility for GMC registration (with the addition of the English language component). The FRCPath qualification is recommended for overseas pathologists looking to securing senior jobs in the NHS.  The exams can be taken by IMGs from all over the world, provided certain eligibility criteria have been met. Here we’ll take a closer look into these and other important questions through the following topics:  An overview of FRCPath Histopathology What is FRCPath Part 1 and how is it structured? Changes to FRCPath Part 1 delivery Am I eligible to sit this exam? How much will the exam cost and how do I apply? What is the best way to prepare for the exam? #IMG Tips I’ve passed the FRCPath Part 1 exam, what’s next? Skip ahead to the relevant section if you know what you’re looking for.  An overview of FRCPath Histopathology  The FRCPath Histopathology exams are administered by the Royal College of Pathologists to test a doctor's knowledge and ability to apply this in the practice of histopathology within the scope of the Specialty Training Curriculum for Histopathology.  The exams are as follows:  FRCPath Part 1  FRCPath Part 2  To read more about the full FRCPath examination suite via our IMG resources, please click here.  Please note that only full FRCPath satisfies the requirements for GMC registration for overseas doctors taking the postgraduate route.   Alternative routes to GMC registration include PLAB and other licensing exams such as USMLE. You can find out more about alternative routes here.  For doctors who are interested in more senior roles in the NHS that are reflective of their current practice, we advise that FRCPath is the best route to take to GMC registration. Histopathology in the UK is consultant-led specialism; and many NHS job postings will have FRCPath as a requirement for doctors who are not on the Specialist Register.  FRCPath Part 1 breakdown  FRCPath Part 1 is the first exam in the Royal College of Pathologists qualification. It is broken down into three sections as follows:  The three-hour exam is designed to assess candidates’ overall knowledge and understanding of histopathology or cytopathology, including the full range of autopsy practices undertaken in a district general hospital in the UK and the basic science underpinning pathology, including molecular biology.  FRCPath Part 1 delivery  In response to the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Royal College of Pathologists has migrated the FRCPath Part 1 exam online.  This means FRCPath Part 1 may be taken from the comfort of your own home. This development allows the College to continue to offer the FRCPath Part 1 exam to both UK trainees and overseas pathologists.   For full details about the online FRCPath Part 1 exam, please see our blog here.  Eligibility  Candidates for FRCPath Part 1 will generally require experience of Histopathology specialty training to reach the standard required to pass the exam. The Royal College advise that candidates take this exam after one year of specialty training.  Exam dates, applications and cost  The cost of the exam is £673 and the exam are usually held twice a year, in spring and in autumn/winter.  Applications for each sitting open a few months prior and close after around 6 weeks. While waiting for exam dates to be finalised the College advise that candidates should apply early and will be able to withdraw their application for a full refund should the date be unsuitable.  For up-to-date information on exam and application dates, keep an eye on the College website here.  Preparation  There are many resources available to help you prepare for your FRCPath Part 1 exam. As always, we recommend that the best starting point for your study is the Royal College website, particularly the Curriculum for Specialty Training in Histopathology. Your exam is based on this curriculum so familiarising yourself with it as soon as possible will give you the best chance of success.  Other helpful resources for your study include:  Regulations and guidelines – before applying for FRCPath exams, the College recommends you read both the general and specialty-specific regulations and guidelines, found below:  General Regulations and Guidelines  Histopathology Regulations and Guidelines  Social media study groups – there are multiple study groups available across different platforms such as Telegram, Facebook, and WhatsApp. IMG Connect hosts study groups for FRCPath Part 1 – these forums bring together overseas histopathologists in one communicative, constructive, and moderated space for learning, sharing, and support.  If you are interested in joining the IMG Connect FRCPath Part 1 study group, please email info@imgconnect.co.uk to speak to request your admission.  Online courses, videos and other resources - there are some great online courses and resources available to prepare for the FRCPath Part 1 exam. These include everything from full mock exams to flashcards and YouTube videos. We’ve compiled all these which you can access here, through our IMG Resources library.  FAQs - There is also a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) document which the Royal College has compiled to help applicants who have questions about online examinations. You can read this here.  #IMG Tips  Prepare early – getting your revision going as soon as possible will help you avoid those last-minute cramming sessions and increase your chances of passing first time.  Speak to your colleagues and peers – there are so many study materials to choose from - who better to ask for recommendations than histopathologists who have been through the process or are going through it with you?  Familiarise yourself with the online format – there’s no bigger headache than a bad connection – go through your IT checks well in advance to avoid (most) hiccups on the day  Join the online histopathology community – connect with like-minded histopathologists and dedicated pathology recruiters in the IMG Histopathologists Facebook group.  Follow us on social media for news and updates on GMC registration, the Royal College and NHS through the links below:                I’ve passed the FRCPath Part 1 exam, what’s next?  Congratulations – this is a massive achievement! After a well-deserved break, it’s time to look forward to FRCPath Part 2. For more information on the final exam in the examination suite, take a look at our blog where we explore FRCPath Part 2 and everything you need to know about how to sit the exam, including syllabus, dates, results, fees and preparation.  For more useful blogs & articles on the FRCPath exams, registrations & qualifications to help you find your dream job in the NHS - take a look at our IMG library. 

FRCPath Part 2 – a detailed guide for overseas histopathologists 

FRCPath Part 2 – a detailed guide for overseas histopathologists 

  • November 05, 2021

The final exam in the FRCPath Histopathology series...  International specialists in histopathology, cellular pathology or anatomic pathology looking to secure a job in the UK via the postgraduate qualification route will need to obtain Fellowship of the Royal College of Pathologists or FRCPath Histopathology by examination only.   The completion of Part 1 and Part 2 of the Royal College of Pathology qualification for Histopathology results in eligibility for GMC registration (with the addition of the English language component). The FRCPath qualification is recommended for international pathologists looking to securing senior jobs in the NHS.   The exams can be taken by IMGs from all over the world, provided certain eligibility criteria have been met. Here we’ll take a closer look into these and other important questions through the following topics - skip to one of these sections if you know what you're looking for: An overview of FRCPath Histopathology What is FRCPath Part 2? Am I eligible to sit this exam? How is the exam structured and marked? As an international histopathologist, where can I sit the exam? How much will the exam cost? How do I apply for the exam? What is the best way to prepare for the exam? #IMG Tips I’ve passed the FRCPath exams, what’s next? An overview of FRCPath Histopathology  The FRCPath Histopathology exams are administered by the Royal College of Pathologists to test a doctor's knowledge and ability to apply this in the practice of histopathology within the scope of the Specialty Training Curriculum for Histopathology.   The exams are as follows:  FRCPath Part 1  FRCPath Part 2  To read more about the full FRCPath examination suite via out IMG resources, please click here.  Please note that only full FRCPath satisfies the requirements for GMC registration for overseas doctors taking the postgraduate route. Alternative routes to GMC registration include PLAB and licensing exams such as USMLE. You can find out more about alternative routes here.  For doctors who are interested in more senior roles in the NHS that are reflective of their current practice, we advise that FRCPath is the best route to take to GMC registration. Histopathology in the UK is consultant-led specialism; and many NHS job postings will have FRCPath as a requirement for doctors who are not on the Specialist Register. In most cases, and FRCPath qualification will help you to attain a locum consultant role.  What is FRCPath Part 2?  FRCPath Part 2 is the last exam in the FRCPath qualification. It is designed to recognise candidates who are close to the end of their training who can demonstrate an appropriate approach to independent practice. The assessment consists of six components which are take over a period of two days. The components include both written and face-to-face elements with an examiner where candidates are expected to demonstrate both clinical and practical knowledge as well as special techniques and complex diagnoses. Every section assesses a distinct set of professional skills which are all essential to effective performance ad an independent histopathologist and cytopathologist.  Am I eligible to sit this exam?  The FRCPath Part 2 Histopathology exam is open to candidates from every country, provided they have met certain criteria. This includes the expectation that most trainees will sit the Part 2 exam after at least 3 years of specialty training in Histopathology. There should also normally be a 12-month wait between passing the Part 1 exam and attempting Part 2.   For full details, please see the Royal College website here.  How is the exam structured and marked?  The six stations of FRCPath Part 2 are detailed below:  Surgical Histology   Format: 20 x 20 mins stations, 20 cases over 3 hours and 20 minutes.   This will include twenty cases presented in H&E stained slides in 20-minute slots over 3 hours and 20 minutes. The cases are selected according to a blueprint and include a balanced mix of neoplastic and non-neoplastic material, drawn from a wide range of organ systems. The cases will vary in difficulty from straightforward cases to cases not capable of diagnosis through a single H&E, prompting the use of further techniques and specialist opinions.  Cytopathology   Format: 8 x 20 mins stations, 16 cases  Eight non-gynaecological cases in pairs, in 20-minute slots and will be marked according to pre-determined criteria.  Macroscopic Pathology  Format: 2 x 20 mins stations, 4 cases; 20 mins discussion  Candidates will be provided with photos of 4 cases in the form of gross pathology specimens. Candidates will be provided with clinical information and asked to prepare responses to specific questions and mark on the photos where they would take blocks. There will be two 20-minute slots given to view two cases per slot, followed by a 20-minute discussion with two examiners. The exercise is designed for candidates to show their capabilities in discussing gross pathology and familiarity with block selection in relation to the RCPath Minimum datasets.  OSPEs  Format: 2 x 20 mins stations  The objective structured practical examination (OPSE) includes two 20-minute stations, one of which is a written exercise and the other is conducted face-to-face with two examiners. Topics may include management/ clinical governance type and MDT-type cases, amongst other topics.  Long Cases  Format: 4 x 20 mins stations  Four 20-minute stations of cases which cannot usually be covered by a single H&E section, requiring additional stains. These may include histochemistry, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, among other cases.  Frozen Sections  Format: 2 x 20 mins stations, 6 cases; 20 mins discussion  Six cases for review in two 20-minute stations where candidates should make notes, including a ‘bottom line’ diagnosis only, before discussing these with a pair of examiners in a face-to-face 20-minute station.  Exam marking   Each section of the exam is marked against a pre-determined specimen answer with a pass or fail awarded per section. Due to the importance of cellular pathology in medical practice, only a small margin of inaccuracy is allowed. Failure to distinguish across the benign/ malignant boundary (or other similar errors of equal significance in terms of affecting patient outcome) in 15-25% of cases in any section of the exam will result in a failure of the entire exam, regardless of performance in other areas with no leeway to compensate. Final marks will be approved by the Examinations Committee.  Candidates attempting the FRCPath Part 2 exam have four attempts within which to pass the exam, and 7-years between each sitting to pass the full qualification.  As an international histopathologist, where can I sit the exam?  The exam currently takes place twice a year in Spring and Autumn and are held in the UK and in one overseas centre in Irbid, Jordan.   For up-to-date information on exam centres, visit the Royal College website here.  How much will the exam cost?  The FRCPath Part 2 exam costs £1,416. A breakdown of the cost of the 2019 sitting of the exam can be found on the Royal College website here.  How do I apply for the exam?  Applications for each sitting of the exam open months in advance and are currently closed for the Autumn 2021 sitting. Applications for the Spring 2022 sitting will open in late 2021. Late applications are not accepted. Keep an eye on the Royal College website for up-to-date information on applications here.  What is the best way to prepare for the exam?  There are several resources available to help you prepare for your Histopathology FRCPath exam. As always, we recommend that the best starting point for your study is the Royal College website, particularly the Curriculum for Specialty Training in Histopathology. Your exam is based on this curriculum so familiarising yourself with it as soon as possible will give you the best chance for success.  Other helpful resources for your study include:  Regulations and guidelines – before applying for FRCPath exams, the College recommends you read both the general and specialty-specific regulations and guidelines, found below:  General Regulations and Guidelines Histopathology Regulations and Guidelines Social media study groups – there are multiple study groups available across different platforms such as Telegram, Facebook, and WhatsApp. IMG Connect hosts study groups for FRCPath Part 2 – these are forums that bring together international doctors from all over the world in one communicative, constructive, and moderated space for learning, sharing, and supporting international histopathologists.  If you are interested in joining the IMG Connect FRCPath Part 2 study group, please email info@imgconnect.co.uk to speak to our histopathology specialist and request your admission.  Online courses, videos and other resources - there are some great online courses and resources available to prepare for the FRCPath Part 2 exam. These include everything from full mock exams to mock exams targeting specific sections of FRCPath Part 2 and YouTube videos. You can find a full list of these here, through our IMG resources library.  FAQs - there is also a Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) document which the Royal College have compiled to help applicants who have questions about online examinations. You can read this here.  #IMG Tips  Prepare early – getting your revision going as soon as possible will help you avoid those last-minute cramming sessions and increase your chances of passing first time.  Speak to your senior colleagues and peers – there are so many study materials to choose from - who better to ask for recommendations than histopathologists who have been through the process or are going through it with you?  Food and drink – there are multiple stations on both days of the exams so make sure you’re prepared with lots of fuel for the day as there may be no access to food.  Hire a microscope – for applicants for the UK sitting, examination centres will not have microscopes for you to use so you will need to hire one in advance. There are a few companies who rent microscope and you can find these through a quick web search!  Join the conversation – for news and updates on all things histopathology for IMGs, click here follow IMG Connect on social media and join the conversation.  I’ve passed the FRCPath exams, what’s next?  Firstly, congratulations! The FRCPath exams are not easy so this is an incredible achievement. Once you have passed both passed of the FRCPath in Histopathology, your postgraduate qualifications satisfy the requirements for GMC registration. You can now apply for full registration with license to practice.  Get in touch with our IMG Connect histopathology specialist to discuss your options for specialist jobs in the UK or to find out more about where you fit into the NHS as a histopathology specialist with FRCPath.   FRCPath also plays a big part in the Certificate of Eligibility for Specialist Registration (CESR) application, the alternative route to the Specialist Register for overseas doctors who did not complete their training in an approved UK training programme. You can find out more about CESR in our guide for international doctors here.  The team at IMG Connect hope you find this article helpful and wish you the best of luck in your FRCPath Histopathology Part 2 exam! 

FRCPath 2 Histopathology - preparation, guidance and resources

FRCPath 2 Histopathology - preparation, guidance and resources

  • November 05, 2021

Are you an overseas pathologist preparing for FRCPath Histopathology Part 2 exam? Overseas doctors often wonder how to prepare for the FRCPath Part 2 examination, especially when so much content and advice online appears geared towards UK applicants and trainee. So what study courses, resources and support is available to an overseas histopathologists looking to take the test? Here we have compiled some of our advice and resources available to help you prepare for the exam, whilst we also address some of the changes in availability of test centres and upcoming exams as a result of COVID-19 pandemic. What is FRCPath Part 2? First a quick reminder of what the FRCPath Histopathology Part 2 is. The Part 2 exam consists of six components which are taken over two days. Each component comprises a different number of cases provided in 20-minute stations or slots. The components include both written and face-to-face elements with the examiner where candidates should demonstrate and discuss both clinical & practical knowledge as well as complex diagnoses and special techniques. This is done through elements of interpreting and writing reports, interpretation and OSPE. If you want to have a more detailed overview of the FRCPath exam then take a look through the article published in our online IMG Library here, or take a look through the Royay College of Pathologists website here.  So how do I get started with my preparation? Starting is often the hardest thing to do, and as there are many resources available online, it's hard to tell where the best place is to start. After discussing this with consultants who've passed (both UK trainees and IMGs), most recommended starting with the Royal College, who have posted some useful resources on their website to aid in your preparation. Curriculum: The exam questions are based on the Curriculum for Specialist Training in Histopathology. As a first step, we recommend becoming familiar with this curriculum as early as possible to reinforce your knowledge and to provide a solid foundation for your study plan. Knowing the curriculum is key - as this is what you will be tested on. Regulations and guidelines: Ensure you have read both the general regulations and guidelines and the specialty specific regulations and guidelines. Social Media study groups: There are many social media study groups available across various platforms. These include Telegram, Facebook, WhatsApp and to a lesser extent LinkedIn. IMG Connect hosts study groups for FRCPath 1 and 2 exams - these are forums that bring together international doctors from all over the world into one constructive, communicative and moderated space where you can share exam tips, stories and woes, and the opportunity to buddy-up with similar colleagues looking to pass the test.  If you think you would be interested in joining either the IMG Connect FRCPath 1 or Part 2 Telegram groups, please email info@imgconnect.co.uk to speak to the histopathology specialist and request your admission. Online Courses for FRCPath Histopathology: There are a few online courses which provide preparation, from full mock exams to individual component courses. We've spoken with some IMGs to understand which courses they favoured, and below we have summarised a few of these. With all courses, it is advised that you register your interest as early as possible as they are in high demand. Pathology Online Hub - FRCPath Part 2 Histopathology Full Mock Exam This is a complete mock exam course with interactive live discussion sessions and individual feedback for each participant. Sessions will be delivered by UK based pathologists with extensive experience of teaching for the FRCPath exam. Participants will be provided with the mock exam for all the 7 components of FRCPath 2 under strict timed conditions closely simulating the real exam. Mock exam will include: Cytology, Short surgical cases, Long cases, Frozen section, Macroscopic examination, OSPE 1 Viva and OSPE 2 Written. Live sessions will include: Exam format and tips on how to prepare with a structured study plan, Review and discussion of all mock exam answers, Group performance summary, Common pitfalls in exam and how to avoid them, and Tips on answering technique for exam. Duration  3 days Cost  £270 (£70 registration fee and £200 payable 8 weeks prior to course start date) Next start date  28 November 2021 Website  www.pathologyonlinehub.com/full-mock-course   Oxbridge Medica - FRCPath Part 2 Mock Course This is an online 2-day practical course with both a mock examination and seminars preparing trainees for the FRCPath Part 2 Examination. This is a unique course giving trainees that all important pre-exam Mock (under exam conditions) with the papers individually marked and scored in line with the actual exam. The course speakers have knowledge of the Royal College exam - some of them are examiners, and all are experienced teachers. Duration  2 days (Day 1 = mock exam | Day 2 = review and preparation) Cost  £300 (£75 registration fee and £225 payable 4 weeks prior to course start date) Next start date  20th September 2021 Website  http://oxbridgemedica.org/product/frcpath-part-2-mock-course-20th-21st-september-2021/   Oxbridge Medica - FRCPath Part 2 Surgical Course This is an online 2-week Surgical Revision Course preparing trainees for the FRCPath Part 2 Examination and is exam oriented and includes surgical and cytology mock tests, live streamed lectures and feedback. The course aims to provide an approach to the part 2 examination, and to cover common exam cases, whilst the trainers have been selected for their expertise within their disciplines, both in their clinical acumen but also their teaching skills. The format of the course is intense and demanding but also rewarding. Duration  2 weeks, intensive Cost   £800 (£75 registration fee and £725 payable 4 weeks prior to course start date) Next start date  1st September 2021 Website  oxbridgemedica.org/product/frcpath-part-2-surgical-course-1st-14th-september-2021   What other helpful FRCPath 2 resources are out there? 1. What I wish I'd known - A series of YouTube videos produced by the Royal College of Pathologists. The videos are interviews and advice from four pathologists sharing their experiences of the FRCPath Part 2 exam and what they wish they’d known before taking the exam. 2. FRCPath Part 2 Past Examination Surgical Cases – These are from Virtual Pathology at the University of Leeds. The slides can be magnified, and each case comes with a diagnosis. 3. How to Survive and Thrive in the FRCPath Part 2 - This is a detailed breakdown of the complete exam with advice and marking guidance, created by Dr James Henry, Consultant Cellular Pathologist at Queen Elizabeth Hospital. How has COVID-19 affected FRCPath UK and Overseas test centres & upcoming exams? The Spring session was postponed for international candidates in response to the pandemic, but discussions are taking place on the possibility of the FRCPath exam taking place at an overseas centre in Autumn 2021. Whilst the Royal College will try to accommodate as many international candidates as possible, priority will be given to candidates entering for the January sitting. IMG Advice to FRCPath 2 Aspirants Finding courses can be tricky and mock exams can cost a lot of money, so take your time to consider your options and what best suits your needs, whether that is a paid short course, or free materials which you can access whenever you need them. Speak to peers and supervisors - they may be able to offer advice based on first-hand experience of the courses or general preparation. Of course, if you need further advice on choosing an FRCPath Part 2 online course, or on this stage of qualifying to work for the NHS, don’t hesitate to get in touch with IMG Connect and request to speak to our Histopathology specialist, Marcus Anderson. He'll be happy to help. The team at IMG Connect hopes that this article and has been useful for any overseas histopathologists looking to take FRCPath Histopathology 2 - but are unsure on how to start their preparation and improve their chances of a pass in this summers upcoming exams. Good luck IMGs!

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